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Sexually transmitted diseases testing (STDs)

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Why should I take the test?💡 

Sexually transmitted diseases, also called sexually transmitted infections are acquired during sex, sometimes passed from mother to child. The bacteria, parasites or viruses that cause the infections are sexually transmitted from one person to another in blood, semen, vagina and other body fluids. 

If left untreated, the disease can infect the baby while he is still in the womb. STIs pose significant risks to the baby, including premature birth, birth defect, low birth weight, or even death. 

How is the test done?💉 

The type of test varies depending on which type of STI you are affected with. Tests usually require a urine sample, a swab, a blood test, or physical examination. 


TMI from Baby Billy👩‍⚕️: 

Why do I have STIs?

If you have unprotected sex, have sexual contacts with more than one partner or have a history of STIs, there is a high possibility that you are exposed to STIs. Misuse of substances, drugs injection can also lead to higher risks of STIs infection. 

Symptoms of STIs

Sometimes, you won’t see any symptoms until you get tested. Some symptoms include sores and bumps on the genitals, pain when urinating, unusual discharge from vagina, pain when having sex, and rash on the body.

Incubation period vs Window period

Some STIs do not show any visible symptoms during the incubation period. The incubation period is the time that passes between being exposed to STIs and starting to have symptoms. The microorganisms incubate as short as two days or as long as 26 weeks.

When interpreting STD test results, it’s important to keep in mind that there is a window period, which is the time between when you come in contact with STIs and STIs actually show up positive on the test. If you take the test too soon right after the infection when the incubation period is not over, the result is probably false negative.  

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